Mahmut Gazi Yaşargil is a Turkish medical scientist and neurosurgeon. He collaborated with Raymond M. P. Donaghy M.D at the University of Vermont in developing micro-neurosurgery. Yaşargil treated epilepsy and brain tumors with instruments of his own design. From 1953 until his retirement in 1993 he was first resident, chief resident and then professor and chairman of the Department of Neurosurgery, University of Zurich and the Zurich University Hospital.
In 1999, he was honored as “Neurosurgery’s Man of the Century 1950–1999” at the Congress of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting. He is a founding member of Eurasian Academy.He is regarded as one of the greatest neurosurgeons in the modern age. He has helped the development of three generations of neurosurgeons, defining what is possible in neurosurgery, and then demonstrating how to achieve it.
In the micro-neurosurgical anatomical laboratory in Zurich, he trained around 3000 colleagues from all continents, representing all surgical specialties. He participated in several hundred national and international neurosurgical congresses, symposia, and courses as an invited guest. Yaşargil is held in high regard in the Turkish society and is respected as an exemplary role model for Turkish youth.