Joseph Eugene Stiglitz is an American economist and a professor at Columbia University. He is a recipient of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (2001) and the John Bates Clark Medal (1979). He is a former senior vice president and chief economist of the World Bank and is a former member and chairman of the (US president’s) Council of Economic Advisers.
He is known for his support of Georgist public finance theory and for his critical view of the management of globalization, of laissez-faire economists (whom he calls “free market fundamentalists”), and of international institutions such as the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank.
In 2000, Stiglitz founded the Initiative for Policy Dialogue (IPD), a think tank on international development based at Columbia University. He has been a member of the Columbia faculty since 2001 and received the university’s highest academic rank (university professor) in 2003. He was the founding chair of the university’s Committee on Global Thought.
He has said that the root cause of Europe’s political and social ills lies in the creation of the euro, which rather than driving convergence among nations as intended has resulted in politically and economically destabilising divergence.
He has proposed a US-Canada type trade relationship between the UK and Europe which effectively balances the opportunities of trade along with fair restrictions that benefit both parties to an extent.